Historical Events for 31st July 2023

1794 – All Jacobijnse clubs together in Haarlem
1901 – Abraham Kuyper becomes premier of Netherlands
1922 – 18-year-old Ralph Samuelson rides world’s 1st water skis (Minnesota)
1932 – 26th Tour de France: French cyclist André Leducq wins after tallying 6 stage victories; his second Tour triumph (1930)
1954 – Milwaukee first baseman Joe Adcock becomes only the 3rd player in 20th century to hit 4 HRs in 9-inning game (Lou Gehrig and Gil Hodges) in 15-7 Braves’ win over Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field; MLB record 18 total bases
1964 – US Ranger 7 takes 4,316 pictures before crashing on Moon
1964 – American glider pilot Al Parker glides 644 miles without a motor
1965 – Cigarette advertising banned on British TV
1988 – Miami Dolphins beat San Francisco 49ers, 27-21 in the American Bowl at London’s Wembley Stadium
1989 – MLB Minnesota Twins trade AL Cy Young Award winner Frank Viola to New York Mets

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Historical Events for 30th July 2023

1809 – British armed force of 39,000 lands in Walcheren
1870 – The Republic of Klipdrift is proclaimed by Transvaal President Andries Pretorius after the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1866 resulted in a flood of treasure hunters; ownership of the diamond fields was contested by the Boer republics
1932 – X Summer Olympic Games open in Los Angeles, USA
1954 – 5th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games open in Vancouver, Canada
1966 – FIFA World Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, London, England: Striker Geoff Hurst scores a hat trick as England beats West Germany, 4-2 after extra time
1975 – Simon Gray’s “Otherwise Engaged” premieres in London
2012 – Indian power grid failure leaves over 300 million without electricity
2017 – Hackers reveal they have stolen data from HBO, including episodes and scripts of Games of Thrones
2017 – Venezuelan voting for a new assembly disrupted by violent protests, at least 3 people killed
2017 – Russian President Vladimir Putin announces American diplomats in Russia cut by 755 in response to American sanctions

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Historical Events for 29th July 2023

1773 – 1st schoolhouse west of Allegheny Mountains completed, Schoenbrunn, Ohio
1923 – Albert Einstein speaks on pacifism in Berlin
1944 – Frank McCormick (Reds) HR off Ace Adams (Giants) in both games of DH
1953 – US bomber shot down by Soviet Air Defence Forces in the Sea of Japan, north of Vladivostok
1954 – Publication of “Fellowship of the Ring” 1st volume of “Lord of the Rings” by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London
1955 – Smokey Burgess hits 3 HRs to help Pirates beat Reds 16-5
1965 – Beatles movie “Help” has Royal World Premiere at the London Pavilion Theatre in the West End of London; of Princess Margaret and the Earl of Snowdon attend
1986 – Bomb attack in West-Beirut, 30 killed
1992 – American Michael Ray Barrowman swims world record 200m breaststroke (2:10.16) at the World Championships in Perth, Australia, breaking his own record set in August 1991
2015 – Over 3,500 immigrants over 2 days attempt to enter the Channel Tunnel at Calais, to cross into Britain

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Historical Events for 28th July 2023

1696 – De Croissy succeeds Le Plectia as French minister of Finance
1893 – Vizcaya Bridge – largest transporter bridge in the world opens over the River Ibaizabal, designed by Basque architect Alberto de Palacio
1898 – Spanish American War: U.S. Army occupies Ponce and declares victory in Puerto Rico over Spanish forces
1900 – Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut
1917 – Silent Parade organised by James Weldon Johnson of 10,000 African-Americans who march on 5th Ave in NYC to protest against lynching
1929 – 23rd Tour de France won by Maurice De Waele of Belgium
1945 – Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9
1959 – United Kingdom starts using postal codes
1977 – Roy Wilkins turns over NAACP leadership to Benjamin Hooks
2005 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army call an end to their thirty year long armed campaign in Northern Ireland

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Historical Events for 27th July 2023

1214 – Battle of Bouvines: King Philip II of France vs Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV and King John of England; as a result John lost Normandy and his other possessions in France (hence his nickname John “Lackland”)
1586 – Walter Raleigh brings the 1st tobacco to England from Virginia
1655 – Netherlands and Brandenburg sign military treaty
1954 – Armistice divides Vietnam into two countries
1976 – Japanese ex-premier Tanaka arrested (Lockheed Affair)
1992 – Nelson Mandela says a general strike will go ahead to protest for the removal of South African President F. W. de Klerk from power and for free elections
1993 – Mafia bombs historical buildings in Rome, Milan and Vatican City, 5 killed
1997 – “Candide” closes at Gershwin Theater NYC after 103 performances
2019 – At least 65 mourners killed in a gun attack at a funeral near Maiduguri, by suspected Boko Haram militants in north-east Nigeria
2021 – American gymnast and four-time Olympic gold medallist Simone Biles withdraws from the women’s team final at the Tokyo Games citing need to focus on her mental health; also misses individual finals

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Information Regarding Court-Ordered Reenactment at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School

As part of a civil case, a judge authorized a reenactment of the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School tragedy from February 14, 2018. The reenactment, which is a court order and is not organized or controlled by Broward County Public Schools, takes place on Friday, August 4, 2023, on the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High campus, in the 1200 building.

No media will be permitted on the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High campus during the reenactment.

In addition, Marjory Stoneman Douglas High and neighboring Westglades Middle School will both be closed to all students, staff and visitors on August 4.

District and school leadership understand how difficult this event may be for the entire community.  Advanced notice of this court-ordered event is being provided to families at all schools within the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High zone, so they are aware and can make plans that best fit their needs on the day of the reenactment. Mental health resources are also available at browardschools.com/mentalhealthservices.

In addition, Eagles’ Haven Wellness Center will be open on Friday, August 4 – Sunday, August 6, for those needing support. Free wellness classes are also available. 




“Educating all students to reach their highest potential.”
Broward County Public Schools (BCPS) is the sixth largest school district in the nation and the second largest in the state of Florida. BCPS is Florida’s first fully accredited school system since 1962, serving more than 254,000 students and approximately 110,000 adult learners in 240 schools, centers and technical colleges, and 90 charter schools. BCPS supports a diverse student population representing 170 different countries and speaking 147 languages. To connect with BCPS, visit browardschools.com, follow us on Twitter @browardschools, on Facebook at facebook.com/browardschools, on Instagram @browardschoolsofficial, on YouTube at youtube.com/browardschoolsvideos and download the free BCPS mobile app at browardschools.com/MobileApp.


Historical Events for 26th July 2023

1822 – Secret meeting of Simón Bolívar and Jose de San Martin
1897 – 37.5 cm rainfall at Jewell, Maryland (state record)
1944 – Japanese suicide attack on US lines in Guam
1944 – Soviet troops arrive in Weichsel
1950 – Dodgers’ Jim Russell is 1st to switch-hits HRs twice in a game
1957 – USSR launches 1st intercontinental multistage ballistic missile
1962 – Milwaukee Brave Warren Spahn sets HR record of 31 by a pitcher
1963 – Skopje, Yugoslavia, destroyed by earthquake, kills 1,000+
1977 – USSR performs underground nuclear Test
2018 – Sir Paul McCartney performs a “secret” gig at the Cavern Club in Liverpool, where the Beatles began

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Historical Events for 25th July 2023

1901 – Emily Hobhouse addresses public meetings in Britain on the concentration camps during the South African War
1907 – Korea becomes a protectorate of Japan
1942 – German troops strike at Tsym Lyanskaja
1943 – 1st warship named after an African American launched – USS Leonard Roy Harmon, a Buckley class destroyer
1964 – Race riot in Rochester, NY
1966 – Yankee manager Casey Stengel elected to Hall of Fame
1970 – Burt Bacharach and Hal David’s song “(They Long to Be) Close to You” as sung by the Carpenters reaches #1
1993 – US Open Women’s Golf, Crooked Stick GC: Lauri Merten fires a final round 68 (−4) to win her lone major title, 1 stroke ahead of runners-up Donna Andrews and Helen Alfredsson
1997 – Carroll O’Connor found not guilty of slandering Harry Perzigian
2018 – Liquid lake found on Mars under its South Pole by European Space Agency’s Mars Express orbiter reported in “Science”

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Historical Events for 24th July 2023

1701 – French trade rand soldier Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founds trading post at Fort Pontchartrain, later becomes the city of Detroit
1905 – International Lawn Tennis Challenge, Wimbledon: Laurence Doherty and Reggie Doherty beat Holcombe Ward and Beals Wright 8-10, 6-2, 6-2, 4-6, 8-6 to give British Isles an unassailable 3-0 lead over US (ends 5-0)
1927 – The Menin Gate war memorial is unveiled at Ypres
1929 – NY to San Francisco foot race ends (2½ months) winner is 60 year old Monteverde
1946 – 9 Spokane baseball players (Western League) die in a bus crash
1949 – 36th Tour de France won by Fausto Coppi of Italy
1974 – American newscaster Christine Chubbuck is the first person to commit suicide during a live TV broadcast at WXLT-TV
1979 – US President Jimmy Carter names Paul Volcker as Chairman of the Federal Reserve
1994 – Bodo kills 37 Muslims in Bashbari NE India
2013 – 80 people are killed and 140 are injured after a high-speed train derails in Santiago de Compostela, Spain

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Historical Events for 23rd July 2023

636 – Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from the Byzantine Empire
1558 – Battle of Grevelingen: Lamoraal, Count of Egmont beat France
1902 – Dutch Excelsior soccer club is established in Rotterdam (Eerste Divisie winners 1973-4, 78-79, 2005-06)
1960 – US Open Women’s Golf, Worcester CC: Betsy Rawls wins her 4th Open title, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Joyce Ziske
1962 – The International Agreement on the Neutrality of Laos is signed
1967 – -27] 43 die in race riot in Detroit (2,000 injured, 442 fires)
1974 – Greek military dictatorship collapses
1994 – American dancer, actor, and director Gene Kelly suffers a mild stroke
2018 – Japan records its highest ever temperature at 41.1 degrees (105.98F) in Kumagaya
2019 – At least 36 people killed by a mud landslide in Shuicheng county, Guizhou province, China

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