Historical Events for 11th November 2023

1215 – 4th Lateran Council (12th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
1400 – Battle of Aleppo: Timur and his army defeat the forces of Sultan Faraj, Mameluke ruler of Egypt, 20,000 people reportedly massacred and a pyramid of their skulls built
1865 – Mary Edward Walker, the first US Army female surgeon, awarded Medal of Honor
1920 – Great Britain’s monument to her war dead, the Cenotaph in Whitehall, designed by Edwin Lutyens, unveiled
1966 – Methodist Church and Evangelical United Brethren Church unite as United Methodist Church (USA)
1971 – Neil Simon’s black comedy film “Prisoner of Second Avenue” premieres in NYC starring Jack Lemmon and Anne Bancroft
1987 – Boston Red Sox starter Roger Clemens wins back-to-back AL Cy Young Awards; Philadelphia Phillies starter Steve Bedrosian takes NL Award
1997 – NHL’s new Columbus franchise (scheduled to begin play in 2000) announce team’s name would be “Blue Jackets” after soldiers in the Union army during the American Civil War
2014 – The captain of the South Korean ferry which sank in April is found guilty of gross negligence and sentenced to 36 years in prison
2020 – UK becomes the first European country to record over 50,000 COVID-19 related 50,000; 5fth country, after the US, Brazil, India, and Mexico

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