Historical Events for 20th November 2023

1805 – Ludwig van Beethoven’s “Fidelio”, his only opera, premieres at Vienna’s Theater an der Wien
1886 – Sherlock Holmes’s first story “A Study in Scarlet” is accepted by publisher Ward and Lock with payment of £25
1901 – Dramatic opera “Grisélidis” by Jules Massenet, Armand Silvestre and Eugène Morand premieres the Opéra-Comique in Paris, France
1915 – CFL Grey Cup, Varsity Stadium, Toronto: Hamilton Tigers win 2nd title; beat Toronto Rowing Association, 13-7
1917 – 1st successful tank use in battle, at the Battle of Cambrai in World War I as Britain uses the new technology to break through German lines
1929 – Salvador Dali’s first one-man show
1993 – Winnie Mandela’s driver and bodyguard murdered in Johannesburg
1994 – New Vaudevillian revue “The Flying Karamazov Brothers Do the Impossible” opens at Helen Hayes Theater, NYC, for a limited run of 50 performances
2009 – The Mexican government declares its economy technically out of recession after 2.93% GDP growth in the third quarter of 2009; Mexico had been in a severe economic crisis for over a year prior to its economic rebound
2022 – UN COP27 summit agrees to establish fund to help poor and vulnerable countries with climate change, with committee to be made up of representatives from 24 countries

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